Types of Documentation

Citing World Wide Web Sources

Some students believe that web sources have no copyright and that they can use information they find on the web without acknowledging the source. All material on the web—text and graphics alike—is protected by copyright, regardless of whether the individual source or page has a copyright notice.

When you include information from the web in your paper, therefore, you must provide a complete citation. You want to direct your reader to find the source you cited. According to Information and Library Services (1998) here at UMUC, your web citation should contain the following information:

  • Author—the creator or compiler of the information; may include the webmaster or the organization

  • Year, month, date—the date the web page was put online (should be the same as the “last updated” date, if available)

  • Title—the title of the document, usually found at the top of the web page

  • Type of medium—the way you gained access to the document (if you found it on the web or through another Internet service, this should be “online”)

  • Site/path/file—the address or URL (uniform resource locator) of the website

  • Access date—the date you viewed the web page or gained access to the information

The Publication Manual of the APA (American Psychological Association) provides formats for citing web and other electronic resources, as do the Modern Language Association’s MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, The Chicago Manual of Style, and other style guides.

For more information, please consult Information and Library Services at UMUC.

Student Services: 1616 McCormick Drive, Largo, MD 20774
Mailing Address: 3501 University Blvd. East, Adelphi, MD 20783

Copyright © 2011 University of Maryland University College (UMUC). All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without prior written permission of the copyright holder.

All links to external sites were verified at the time of publication. UMUC is not responsible for the validity or integrity of information located at external sites.