Follow these first aid tips in case of a medical emergency or accident.
Shock cannot be treated by first aid alone. Call 911 for medical treatment immediately.
When a person suffers any serious injury, shock is a potentially life-threatening side effect. A victim may have a number of symptoms that indicate shock could be setting in:
Have the victim lie down. If there are no broken bones or neck and back injuries, then elevate the victim's legs. Cover them if necessary to avoid chill. Don’t give the victim anything to eat or drink, even if the victim complains of thirst.
For anything more than a minor burn, call 911.
For chemical burns:
Call 911. Flush with cool, running water and continue to flush until emergency medical help arrives. If the chemical burn is to the eye, make sure to flush from the nose outward to prevent getting any of the chemical into the unaffected eye.
If someone has food or a foreign object blocking their airway, the Heimlich maneuver is the most effective way to dislodge it. To perform the Heimlich maneuver
You can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself as described above or by leaning forcefully over a chair, table, or sink.
During the seizure:
After the seizure:
Remember, there are many types of seizures. Some are very mild, while others are severe and prolonged.
Symptoms to look for:
What to do:
If you are not trained in CPR, call 911. The untrained use of CPR can injure the victim, but may be necessary until trained help can arrive. Perform only on an unconscious victim who has no pulse and is not breathing.