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Proceedings: Cyber at the Crossroads

Final Crossroads Program 10-30-17

Cyber at the Crossroads was held on Oct 10, 2017, at University of Maryland University College (UMUC). The symposium was co-sponsored by the National Security Agency’s Cyber Center for Education and Innovation–Home of the National Cryptologic Museum and UMUC and attracted hundreds of cybersecurity professionals to hear panels of experts talk about the past, present and future of protecting information from hackers, thieves and spies, including the seminal Eligible Receiver '97 (ER97) exercise conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense in 1997. A video briefing conducted following ER97 was declassified by the National Security Agency and a redacted version shown to the public for the first time at the symposium.


PANEL ONE: Eligible Receiver 97: A Wakeup Call  (WATCH VIDEO)

Moderator: Professor Jason Healey. Panelists: Lt. Gen. Ken Minihan (U.S. Air Force, Ret.) Director, National Security Agency (1996-1999), Managing Director, Paladin Capital Group; Lt. Gen. John Campbell (U.S. Afir Force, Ret.), Commander, Joint Task Force, Computer Network Defense (1998-2000), Senior Advisor, CCEI-NCM; CAPT. Michael Sare (U.S. Navy, Ret.) Director, ER97 Red Team; and Dr. Michael Warner, Command Historian, U.S. Cyber Command.

WATCH ER97 Redacted Briefing Video


Dr. John Hamre, President and CEO, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Deputy Secretary of Defense (1997-2000)


Dr. Thomas Rid, Professor Strategic Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Author of Rise of the Machines. Introduction by Maj. Gen. Rod Isler (U.S. Army, Ret.)

PANEL TWO: Cyber Organization, Education and Training: Imperatives to Deal with Present and Evolving Threats (WATCH VIDEO)

Moderator: ADM. William O. Studeman (U.S. Navy, Ret.) Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (1992-1995), Director, National Security Agency (1989-1992). Panelists: Hon. Steven Cambone, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence ((2003-2007); Maj. Gen. John Davis (U.S. Army, Ret.) Chief Security Officer, Palo Alto Networks, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Cyber Policy (2014-2015), Former Director, Current Operations, US Cyber Command (2013-2015); Mr. Christopher C. Krebs, Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Under Secretary, National Protection and Programs Directorate, Department of Homeland Security Assistant Secretary for the Office of Infrastructure Protection; and Dr. David Mussington, Director of the Center for Public Policy and Private Enterprise, Professor of the Practice at University of Maryland School of Public Policy.

PANEL THREE:  A Conversation on Cyber Futures (WATCH VIDEO)

Moderator: Marcus Sachs, Senior Vice President and Chief Security Officer, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC); Panelists: Dr. Ivan Arreguín-Toft, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; Mr. Shawn Barry, Senior Technical Intelligence Officer, Directorate of Science and Technology, Central Intelligence Agency; Mr. Russell Gyurek, Director, IoT-CTO and Industries, Cisco; and MGEN; and Maj. Gen. Dave Bryan (U.S. Army, Ret.), President and CEO of Bryan Business and Management Technology.


Mr. Rob Joyce, White House Cybersecurity Coordinator

Photos from the symposium (Photo Credit: University of Maryland University College)

Related News Coverage:


The Cyber Center for Education & Innovation (CCEI), Home of the National Cryptologic Museum (NCM) is a private-public partnership of the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF) and the National Security Agency, formed under federal legislative authority. The NCMF is engaged in a campaign to finance, build, and equip the CCEI-NCM, scheduled to open in 2020 subject to funding availability. In addition to holding the exhibits, papers, and artifacts of the cryptologic community, the CCEI-NCM will offer a state-of-the art conference and meeting venue and will conduct a range of educational programming related to cybersecurity and cryptology. University of Maryland University College (UMUC), a leader in cybersecurity education, has been selected by the NCMF to lead the facilitation, coordination, and development of CCEI-NCM education and training initiatives. This symposium is CCEI-NCM’s second event, following the sponsorship of the education track at CyberMaryland 2016 and is being offered as an associated event with CyberMaryland 2017, to be held in Baltimore October 11–12.


The not-for-profit National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF) and the National Security Agency (NSA) established a private-public partnership under federal legislative authority to create the Cyber Center for Education & Innovation (CCEI), Home of the National Cryptologic Museum (NCM) facility at Fort Meade, Maryland. The CCEI-NCM will launch a cross-sector enterprise encouraging governments, industry, and academia to share insights, knowledge, and resources to strengthen cybersecurity protection across U.S. critical infrastructure.


University of Maryland University College (UMUC) is a world leader in innovative educational models, with award-winning online programs in disciplines including cybersecurity, biotechnology, data analytics, and information technology that are in high demand in today’s increasingly technical, global workplace. Now celebrating its 70th anniversary, UMUC offers open access with a global footprint and a specific mission—to meet the learning needs of adult students whose responsibilities may include jobs, family, and military service. For more information about UMUC, visit


Symposium Chair

Lt. Gen. Ken Minihan (U.S. Air Force, Ret.), Chairman, CCEI-NCM Founders Group

Program/Organizing Committee Chair

Lt. Gen. John Campbell (U.S. Air Force, Ret.), Senior Advisor, CCEI-NCM

Symposium Program Committee

CAPT. William Gravell (U.S. Navy, Ret.), President, Diogenes Group, LLC

Maj. Gen. Roderick Isler, (U.S. Army, Ret.), Vice President, CCEI-NCM Campaign

Lt. Gen. Harry D. Raduege Jr. (U.S. Air Force, Ret.), Senior Counselor to the Cohen Group

Mr. Marcus Sachs, Senior Vice President and Chief Security Officer, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

Mr. Richard C. Schaeffer Jr., President, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation

Symposium Organizing Committee

Ms. Kat Bugg, Assistant Vice President, Communication & Events, University of Maryland University College

Mr. Larry Castro, Chief Operating Officer, CCEI-NCM

Mr. Sheran Fernando, President, Fernando Partners

Mr. Michael Freedman, Senior Vice President, Office of Communications, University of Maryland University College

Mr. Bob Ludwig, Assistant Vice President, Media Relations, University of Maryland University College

Dr. Gregory Von Lehmen, Special Assistant to the President, Cybersecurity, University of Maryland University College